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枣庄翻译公司虚拟语气

虚拟语气表假设,要求,建议,愿望,猜测,怀疑,赞叹,不表示客观存在的事实,虚拟语气通过谓语动词的特殊形式来表示。
一、条件句中的应用 :与事实相反,可能性小

从句 主句
过去 had done would have done
现在 Did would do
将来 did/should do/were to do would do
可换could/might/should 根据语义

1.错综时间:主、从句发生时间不同,各自选择谓语形式
e.g. If you had seen the film yesterday, you would write the article easily mow.
2.从句中含有had、should、were 可以把它们移到从句开头,把if省略
3.含蓄条件 without = but for 如果没有 or but + 分句 or 后用虚拟,but 前用虚拟
其它从句(如让步 though) 虚拟语气用主句形式虚拟
4.If it were not for = without if it hadn`t been for = without

二、(should) do
1.It is natural necessary that +主语+(should) do
e.g.It is natural that we should meet with some difficulties in the furture.
It is necessary that they should take the old men`s advice.
2.advice suggestion idea recommendation order decision is/was + that 表语从句
e.g. My suggestion is that we (should) put off the camoing.
They order is that they (should) set off before daybreak.
3.advice suggestion recommendation order decision that should + V.原
e.g. His recommendation that the students (should) design the project themselves was accepted by us all. 他建议学生自己设计这项工程被我们所接受。
I knew the decision that we buy a larger computer.
The advice that he gave us yesterday was very helpful to us. 定语从句
4.insist advice recommend ask suggest order demand that + should do
e.g. He ordered that the spy be hanged.
She asked that the watch be repaired immediately.
注:(1)insist that 要求 should + V.原 认为,说 陈述
e.g.He insisted that he hadn`t stolen the necklace and that he (should) be sent free.
(2) suggest that 建议 虚拟(人) 暗示,说明;陈述(事)
e.g.He suggested that we should take pictures of the old temple.
His smile suggested that he was pleased with answer.
(3) ask that 要求,虚拟 ask if/whether/when 问 陈述
e.g.He asked what you want to be when you give up?
He asked that she should take care of the gardon.
(4)demend +ask that 要求 ask whether 问

经典例题:
1. Mr Li required the computer equipment referred ________ used in every classroom.
A. should be B. have to be
C. to be D. to being
2. —Yang Liwei has won great honour for our country.
—Who is Yang Liwei?
—What a question! It is surprising ________ the first spaceman in China.
A. you didn’t know our national hero B. to you not to know him
C. you should know nothing about D. you knew nothing about him


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